Of the Corycian Cave
KORYKIA (Corycia) was a Naiad-nymph of the springs of the Korykian (Corycian) Cave of Delphoi in Phokis (central Greece). She was either the only Korykian nymph or one of three Korykiai (Coryciae).
Korykia may have been identified with Kastalia (Castalia), nymph of the sacred springs of Mount Parnassos, Kleodora, the mother of Parnassos, and Melaine, the mother of Delphos.
Probably a daughter of the River KEPHISOS or PLEISTOS
LYKORAS (by Apollon) (Pausanias 10.6.3, Hyginus Fabulae 159)
CORY′CIA (Kôrukia or Kôrukis), a nymph, who became by Apollo the mother of Lycorus or Lycoreus, and from whom the Corycian cave in mount Parnassus was believed to have derived its name. (Paus. x. 6. § 2, 32. § 2.) The plural, Coryciae, is applied to the daughters of Pleistus. (Apollon. Rhod. ii. 710; Ov. Met. i. 320, Heroid. xx. 221.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 6. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Another and different legend is current that Apollon had a son Lykoras (Lycoras) by a Nymphe, Korykia (Corycia), and that after Lykoras was named the city Lykoreia [of Phokis], and after the nymphe of the Korykian (Corycian) cave."
Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 32. 2 :
"This cave [the Korykian of Delphoi] was named after a Nymphe called Korykia (Corycia)."
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 159 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Apollo . . . Lycoreus by the Nympha Corycia."
- Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
- Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.