PARTHENIOS was a river-god of Paphlagonia in Anatolia (modern Turkey).
The River Parthenios emptied its waters into the Black Sea. The most important neighbouring rivers were the Halys to the east and Nymphaios to the west.
OKEANOS & TETHYS (Hesiod Theogony 344)
NAIAS PARTHENIA (Quintus Smyrnaeus 6.464)
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Hesiod, Theogony 337 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Tethys bore to Okeanos (Oceanus) the swirling Potamoi (Rivers) . . . Parthenios, Euenos (Evenus) and Ardeskos, and Skamandros (Scamander) , who is holy [in a list of rivers]."
Homerica, Fragment of Unknown Position 17 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) :
"[The river Parthenios] flowing as softly as a dainty maiden goes."
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 6. 464 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) :
"Agamestor's son Kleitos (Cleitus) [an ally of the Trojans], a bright-haired Nymphe had given him birth beside Parthenios [the Paphlagonian river], whose quiet stream fleets smooth as oil through green lands, till it pours its shining ripples to the Euxine sea [i.e. the Black Sea]."
- Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th - 7th B.C.
- Homerica, Fragments - Greek Epic C8th - 7th B.C.
- Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy - Greek Epic C4th A.D.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.