RHODIOS was a river-god of the Troad in Mysia, Anatolia (modern Turkey).
The River Rhodios had its headwaters in the foothills of Mount Ida near the town of Astyra and flowed through the region of Dardania to empty into the Hellespont near Abydos. Important neighbouring rivers were the Grenikos (Granicus) to the east and Skamandros (Scamander) to the west.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Homer, Iliad 12. 18 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"[After the Greeks had departed from Troy :] Poseidon and Apollon took counsel to wreck the wall [of the Greeks], letting loose the strenght of rivers upon it, all the rivers that run to the sea from the mountains of Ida, Rhesos and Heptaporos, Karesos (Caresus) and Rhodios (Rhodius), Grenikos (Granicus) and Aisepos (Aesepus), and immortal Skamandros (Scamander) and Simoeis . . . Phoibos (Phoebus) Apollon turned the mouths of these waters together and nine days long threw the flood against the wall, and Zeus rained incessantly, to break the wall faster and wash it seaward. And the shaker of the earth himself holding in his hands the trident guided them, and hurled into the waves all the bastions' strengthening of logs and stones . . . and turned the rivers again to make their way down the same channel where before they had run the bright stream of their water."
Hesiod, Theogony 337 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Tethys bore to Okeanos (Oceanus) the swirling Potamoi (Rivers), Neilos (the Nile) . . . Nessos and Rhodios (Rhodius), Heptaporos and Haliakmon (Haliacmon), Grenikos (Granicus) and Aisepos (Aesepus), and Simoeis [in a list of rivers]."
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
- Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th - 7th B.C.