TITARESSOS was a river-god of Thessalia (Thessaly) in northern Greece.
The Titaressos was a tributary of the River Peneios (Peneus). It flowed south from the foothills of Mounts Olympos and Titanos, through the northern half of Thessalia, to merge with the Peneios near the Lapith capital of Gyrtone. The river was also known as the Europos.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Homer, Iliad 2. 751 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Lovely Titaressos, who into Peneios (Peneus) casts his bright current: yet he is not mixed with the silver whirls of Peneios, but like oil is floated along the surface above him : since he is broken from the water of Styx, the fearful oath-river."
Strabo, Geography 7. 15 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"The Peneios (Peneus) River . . . also receives the waters of the Europos River, which Homer called Titaresios it marks the boundary between Makedonia (Macedonia) on the north and Thessalia (Thessaly) on the south. But the source-waters of the Europos rise in the Titarios Mountain, which is continuous with Olympos (Olympus)."
Seneca, Troades 846 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) :
"Those lands [Thessalia (Thessaly)] which the Titaressos bathes, destined to flow with its sluggish waters beneath the sea [i.e. its waters return to the underworld from where it is sprung]."
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
- Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
- Seneca, Troades - Latin Tragedy C1st A.D.