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River Strymon

STRYMON was a river-god of Edonia in Thrake, north of Greece.

The Strymon River emptied into the Aegean Sea between the Khalkidike (Chalcidice) peninsular and the island of Thasos. The major neighbouring rivers were the Nestos to the east and Axios to the west. The small Brykhon stream west of the Strymon was also personified.


[1] OKEANOS & TETHYS (Hesiod Theogony 337, Hyginus Preface)


[1] RHESOS (by Euterpe or Kalliope) (Apollodorus 1.18)
[2] EUADNE (by Neaira) (Apollodorus 2.3)
[3] TEREINE (Antoninus Liberalis 21)
[4] RHODOPE (Other references)


STRYMON (Strumôn),a son of Oceanus and Tethys, was a river god of Thrace, and is called a king of Thrace. (Hes. Theog. 339 ; Conon. Narr. 4 ; Anton. Lib. 21.) By Euterpe or Calliope, he became the father of Rhesus (Apollod. i. 3. § 4 ; Eurip. Rhes. 347), and by Neaera of Euadne. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 2.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Hesiod, Theogony 337 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Tethys bore to Okeanos (Oceanus) the swirling Potamoi (Rivers) . . . deep-eddying Eridanos, Strymon and Maiandros (Meander), Istros (Ister) [in a list of rivers]."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 18 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Euterpe--or Kalliope (Calliope), according to some--bore to the river Strymon Rhesos (Rhesus), whom Diomedes murdered at Troy."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 3 :
"Zeus [had] a son Argos . . . He got the rule and named the Peloponnesos Argos after himself. He married Euadne (Evadne), the daughter of Strymon and Neaira."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 112 :
"Herakles blamed the Strymon river for his difficulty in gathering the cattle [of Geryon, which had wandered off in Thrake] and, where it had previously been a navigable stream, he made it unnavigable by filling it in with rocks."

Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 21 (trans. Celoria) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Thrassa was daughter of Ares and of Tereine daughter of Strymon."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Oceanus and Tethys [were born] the Oceanides . . . Of the same descent Rivers : Strymon, Nile, Euphrates, Tanais, Indus, Cephisus, Ismenus, Axenus, Achelous, Simoeis, Inachus, Alpheus, Thermodon, Scamandrus, Tigris, Maeandrus, Orontes."





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